The completion of this book was made possible by the award of a British Academy post-doctoral fellowship, to whose generosity I am deeply indebted. Earlier versions of Chapters 3, 4, 6, and 7 appeared in Reading Rochester, edited by Edward Burns (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, forthcoming); Pope: new contexts, edited by David Fairer (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1990); Engendering the Word: feminist essays in psychosexual politics, edited by Temma Berg, Anna Shannon Elfenbein, Jeanne Larsen and Elisa Kay Sparks (Illinois: Illinois University Press, 1989); and Philip Larkin: a tribute, edited by George Hartley (Hull: The Marvell Press, 1987). My gratitude to the editors concerned and also to Chris Bristow, Caroline Gray, Alban Harvey, James Keery, Tim Lustig, Brian Musgrove, Louise Murray, John Phillips, Peter Smith, and John Wood for their criticism and advice. Quotations from The Collected Poems and Plays of T. S. Eliot and Philip Larkin: Collected Poems are used by permission of Faber, The Marvell Press, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., and Farrar Strauss & Giroux. Finally I would like to thank Tricia Dever, Julia Hall, Helena Reckitt, Talia Rogers and others at Routledge for their professionalism and support at all stages of the project.