Community Practice: Theories and Skills for Social Workers

By David A. Hardcastle; Patricia R. Powers et al. | Go to book overview

As a macrolevel example, consider bargaining and game theory from economics and mathematics; see A Beautiful Mind (Nasar, 2001).
Joseph Davis (2002) argues that the new prominence of narrative (see Chapter 14, this volume), in at least nine academic disciplines, relates to renewed emphasis on “human agency and its efficacy” (Davis, 2002, p. 3). He goes on to note that earlier social movement theorists seemed stuck on “structural and interest-oriented explanations, to the near exclusion of ideational factors” (p. 4).
In Kuper and Kuper (1999), see especially the chapters on “Ecology” (by R. F. Ellen) and “Environmental Economics” (by D. W. Pearce).
The photo also won a Pulitzer Prize. Notwithstanding its impact, critical analysts questioned why the photographer waited for the perfect picture before scaring away the bird to protect the child (Kleinman & Kleinman, 1997). Within this framework, the critic will be critiqued, too.
In Western countries, women were invisible even though they outnumbered men. Worldwide, Amartya Sen (winner of the Nobel Prize in economics) calculates that as many as 60 to 100 million females are “missing” due to infanticide, sexselective abortions, and nutritional and medical neglect based on gender. Such factors contribute to “excess mortality and artificially lower survival rates” for women in countries such as China and India (Sen, 1999, pp. 104–107).
Locality developers who emphasize community building assume a common good that people of many backgrounds working together can realize (see Project for Public Spaces, Inc., 1997).
A philosophical interview with a punk rock activist from Washington, D. C., named Mark Anderson, whose work also combines service and social action with youth, appears in Powers (1994).


Abercrombie, N., Hill, S., & Turner, B. S. (1994). Dictionary of sociology. New York: Penguin.

Abramson, L. V., Seligman, M., & Teasdale, J. D. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49–74.

Aldrich, H. E. (1979). Organizations and environments. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Apter, M. J. (1999). Motivation. In A. Kuper & J. Kuper (Eds. ), The social science encyclopedia (2nd ed., pp. 557–559). London: Routledge.

Bandura, A. (1982, February). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37, 122–147.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. Annals of Child Development, 6, 1–60.

Batson, C. D., Ahmad, N., & Tsang, J. (2002). Four motives for community involvement. Journal of Social Issues, 58 (3), 429–445.

Beckett, J. O., & Johnson, H. C. (1995). Human development. In R. L. Edwards (Ed.-in-Chief), Encyclopedia of social work (19th ed., pp. 1381–1405). Washington, DC: National Association of Social Workers Press.

Berger, P. L. (1976). Pyramids of sacrifice: Political ethics and social change. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.

Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1967). The social construction of reality. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.

Best, S. (1991). Chaos and entropy: Metaphors in postmodern science and social theory. Culture as Science, 11, 188–226.

Blau, P. M. (1964). Exchange and power in social life. New York: Wiley.

Blumer, H. (1969). Symbolic interactionism: Perspective and method. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Bolland, K. A., & Atherton, C. R. (1999). Chaos theory: An alternative approach to social work practice and research. Families in Society, 80 (4), 367–373.

Bobo, K., Kendall, J., & Max, S. (2001). Organizing for social change (3rd ed. ). Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press.

Boyle, J. (1985). Critical legal studies: A young person's guide. Critical legal studies conference materials, Washington, DC. [Prof. James Boyle is now at Duke University Law School]

Coates, J. (1992). Ideology and education for social work practice. Journal of Progressive Human Services, 3 (2), 15–30.

Corrigan, P., & Leonard, P. (1979). Social work practice under capitalism: A Marxist approach. London: Macmillan.

Cowger, C. D. (1994). Assessing client strengths: Clinical assessment for client empowerment. Social Work, 39 (3), 262–267.


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Community Practice: Theories and Skills for Social Workers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Preface v
  • Note viii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Contents *
  • Community Practice *
  • 1 - Community Practice: an Introduction 3
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • I - Understanding the Social Environment and Social Interaction *
  • 2 - Theory-Based, Model-Based Community Practice 33
  • Notes 57
  • References *
  • 3 - The Nature of Social and Community Problems 61
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 4 - The Concept of Community in Social Work Practice 91
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 5 - Community Intervention and Programs: Let's Extend the Clan 120
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • II - Community Practice Skills for Social Workers: Using the Social Environment *
  • 6 - Discovering and Documenting the Life of a Community 145
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 7 - Using Assessment in Community Practice 172
  • Notes 202
  • References *
  • 8 - Using Self in Community Practice: Assertiveness 208
  • Notes *
  • References 240
  • 9 - Using Your Agency 244
  • Notes *
  • References 270
  • 10 - Using Work Groups: Committees, Teams, and Boards 272
  • Notes 292
  • References *
  • 11 - Using Networks and Networking 293
  • Note *
  • References *
  • 12 - Using Social Marketing 320
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 13 - Using the Advocacy Spectrum 355
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 14 - Using Organizing: Acting in Concert 391
  • Notes 420
  • References 421
  • 15 - Community Social Casework 426
  • Note 439
  • References *
  • Subject Index 441
  • Name Index 453


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