OF FILM, BROADCASTING, AUDIOVISUAL,
AND ONLINE SERVICES
IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
The European Commission Directorate-General X (Information, Communication, Culture, and Audiovisual Media) has commissioned the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy (PCMLP) of the University of Oxford to conduct a study on the parental control of television broadcasting in the European Union. This study is mandated by Article 22b of the TeZevision Without Frontiers Directive (97/36/EC) of the European Parliament and Council of 30 June 1997. This study will provide a horizontal examination of the television broadcasting, film, video, and online services in the European Union in consonance with the Council Recommendation on the Protection of Minors and Human Dignity in the Audiovisual and Information Services (adopted 28 May 1998).
The main objective of the study is to present an assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of introducing different measures at European Union level in order to enhance the control parents or guardians may exercise over the programmes that minors view.
Starting with the devices, rating systems, and family viewing policies currently in use in the Member States of the European Union the study focuses on three possible regulatory steps to be taken by the European Union: (1) requiring new television sets and/or computers to be equipped with technical devices for parental control (such as the V-chip); (2) setting up appropriate rating systems for