C

C --In music, the keynote (q.v.) of the C major scale+ADs- the third note of the A minor scale+ADs- any printed or written note representing this tone+ADs- the key, pipe or string of any musical instrument tuned to this note. This scale is considered the typical diatonic scale because it requires no sharps or flats to bring about the succession of tones and semi-tones necessary to make up a complete diatonic scale.

Caaba --The sacred shrine of Mecca, the holiest place in the world for Moslems. It is there that Adam is said to have first engaged in worship after his expulsion from Eden, and where he received pardon after having wandered the face of the earth for 200 years. It is the central hall of the great mosque of Mecca, and contains the famous sacred black rock. Also spelled kaaba (q.v.).

Cabaletta --Literally, a little horse. In music, any song consisting of three principal parts with variations, the first part of which is frequently repeated to the accompaniment of percussions in triple time, suggesting the sound of a trotting horse.

Cabasset --In medieval costume art, a military head-piece in use in the 16th century for both infantry and cavalry. It resembled a hat with a rounded top, sometimes slightly conical, or with a ridge running from front to rear over the crown, but without a high crest+ADs- it was encircled with a narrow brim.

Cabeza Colossal --In archaeology, name given to the largest of the 50-odd mounds discovered in the Tres Zapotes excavations in the early 1940's. The diggings uncovered various chambers, stairways, and other structural elements, along with a vast quantity of coarse red and polished black ceramic pieces of varying size, shape and purpose+ADs- some excellent figurines were found, in addition to numerous sherds. See Zapotec.

Cabinet drawing --An oblique drawing (q.v.) with all measurements on the oblique axis reduced one-half to overcome its distorted appearance. Any angle may be used for the oblique axis of a cabinet drawing, though angles of 45 degrees or 30 degrees are preferred. See also isometric drawing.

Cabinet organ --One of the names by which the reed organ (q.v.) is known, especially in the U.S. Also, the term applied to a 16th century European device holding a small, removable spinet which could be played within the cabinet or after removal.

Cable --In architecture, an enrichment representing twisted ropes, used frequently on the moldings of Norman origin.

Cable release --In photography, a flexible cord or cable employed to release the shutter of a camera. Since the cable absorbs vibration, this attachment reduces camera movement to a minimum. In operation, pressure on the thumb-piece actuates the shutter without moving the camera.

Cable stitch --In knitted fabrics, a type of raised stitch treatment on the face of the finished product resembling twisted rope.

Cabochon --In lapidary art, the term applied to any precious stone the surface of which is smooth and somewhat domed,

-119-

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Dictionary of the Arts
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction v
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • A 1
  • B 62
  • C 119
  • D 203
  • E 236
  • F 260
  • G 290
  • H 318
  • I 343
  • J 359
  • K 368
  • L 385
  • M 411
  • N 455
  • O 471
  • P 490
  • Q 562
  • R 567
  • S 605
  • T 692
  • U 744
  • V 751
  • W 767
  • X 782
  • Y 785
  • Z 792
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