S

Sabeca --A Hebrew word in the OLD TESTAMENT referring to a musical instrument very likely belonging to the harp family; however, there is no way of definitely identifying many of the instruments mentioned in the BIBLE by comparison with existing specimens. Researchers consider the sabeca to have been a stringed instrument that was plucked with the fingers.

Saber --Originally, a term of old France denoting wisdom in creative art; later limited to poetic talent or skill, e.g., the art of the troubadour as described in the Toulousain treatise LEYS D'AMORS, which later influenced the poetry of Spain and Catalonia where the term (sometimes gai saber) lingered.

Sabi --A flute-type musical instrument of ancient Egypt, better known as sebi (q.v.).

Sabiji --Fine Japanese lacquer work imitating the surface of antique metal.

Sable --General name for a type of small animal, having become a synonym for a painter's brush. This, the finest of all brushes, is made from the hair of the kolinsky, one of several species of Asiatic minks.

Sable --In heraldry, a general term applied to any bearing on a shield or escutcheon when executed in black against a silver or colored background.

Sabot --In the costume art of Europe, the famous wooden shoe with turned up toe, worn through the centuries by the peasants of Holland, France and Belgium, later by the Swiss.

Sabrina --Name given to a type of fine embroidery work employing extensive use of appliqué.

Saccharoidal marble --Any variety of marble having a granular crystalline structure; highly esteemed by sculptors for statuary work, esp. the type known as statuary marble (q.v.).

Sackbut --A cup-mouthpiece musical instrument of 16th century Europe, long obsolete. Somewhat similar to the slide trombone, later varieties had the bell bent in a half-circle above the performer's head. Though called for in some of the music of J. S. Bach, most composers found it too blatant for use with the low-voiced instruments which formed orchestras of the time. Name derives from Spanish sarabuke, to pump.

Sackpfeife --German name for the bagpipe (q.v.).

Sacra rappresentazione --In drama, an early form of religious play following upon the primitive divozione. The 'representations,' popular for over a century, developed songs in drama, leading to the later pageants and comedies.

Sacred Art --Chemistry was so called in old Alexandria, when its practice was limited to priests only.

Sacred Black Rock --A stone believed by the Moslems to have been given to Abraham by Gabriel. It has reposed for centuries in the central hall of the great mosque of Mecca, to which the faithful turn in their numerous prayers. See kaaba.

Sacred drum --In early Lapland, an object of religious veneration and an instrument of magical incantations possessed by every

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Dictionary of the Arts
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction v
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • A 1
  • B 62
  • C 119
  • D 203
  • E 236
  • F 260
  • G 290
  • H 318
  • I 343
  • J 359
  • K 368
  • L 385
  • M 411
  • N 455
  • O 471
  • P 490
  • Q 562
  • R 567
  • S 605
  • T 692
  • U 744
  • V 751
  • W 767
  • X 782
  • Y 785
  • Z 792
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