MANY AMERICANS have pronounced judgment on Richard Nixon. From the explosion of indignation in the writings of editors, journalists, jurists, lawyers, educators, and novelists, I have learned much about the Promethean quality of American democracy. There has never been anything like this explosion in the history of the American presidency. About Nixon himself I have learned from many sources, from an extraordinary outpouring of excellent books and monographs, from congressional hearings, from the presidential papers and Nixon's other speeches and writings, from the presidential tapes, all of which are listed in the bibliography. I have conducted over one hundred fifty interviews, some with Nixon's former friends and admirers, some with relatives and old neighbors in Yorba Linda and Whittier, California, and in Prescott, Arizona. The interviews did not include Richard Nixon, who ignored my request for even a brief discussion of his childhood.
I greatly benefited from a four-hundred-interview oral-history Nixon archive collected at California State University at Fullerton, and must thank Shirley Stevenson and Renée Schulte for their aid in early access to this collection, and Dr. Arthur A. Hansen for permission to quote from it. My sister, Flora Crawford, greatly aided my research trip to Prescott, as did Rick Cook of the Prescott Courier, assisting with data on the tubercular years of Nixon's eldest brother.
Irving Wallace made it possible for me to meet Leonard Kaufman, Los Angeles lawyer, who together with Francis Schwartz supplied invaluable documentation on Nixon's first law case. Vice‐ Chancellor Harold Horowitz of the University of California at Los Angeles read and advised me on this chapter. Before his death, James Bassett, former Nixon press secretary and aide, gave me