A. Magdalena Hurtado & Francisco M. Salzano
The publication of Patrick Tierney's book Darkness in El Dorado raised the following questions: Can anthropologists continue to conduct fieldwork in native populations as they have done in the past? If not, what must be done differently? Answers to these questions must take into account several institutional constraints. First, most academic institutions train researchers to do research among natives in order to publish, not to protect their societal welfare over the short or long term except for rare exceptions. Second, even if researchers decide to provide such protection, the networks and funding necessary to do so well are very limited. Third, senseless debates over the relative virtues of scientific versus humanistic approaches have become an important aspect of anthropology (chapter 4, this volume) at a time when many disciplines recognize that the combination of the two is essential to excellent basic and applied research. It will be difficult, but not impossible, to overcome these constraints. To do so, the implementation of new guidelines for research, publication, and native health initiatives must be grounded in research, and they must be well funded.
In their pursuit of knowledge and academic excellence, anthropologists since the early 1900s have written prolifically about native culture and