Academic press: The extent to which a school pursues high standards, or a teacher pushes students to excel.
Attribution: The perceived causes of success and failure.
Autonomy: The need to see one's actions as internally initiated.
Ceiling expectation: The assumption that student background sets an upper limit of attainment.
Distal goals: Long-term goals that are far removed in time.
Ego-involvement: Evaluate ability in comparison with others.
Entity view of intelligence: Belief that intelligence is global and fixed.
Extrinsic motivation: Motivation from sources outside an individuals.
Failure-avoiding strategies: Strategies used to protect self-worth from view that one is not smart.
Floor expectation: The minimum level that all students are expecta to achieve.
General teaching efficacy: Belief about the extent to which teachers in general can be effective with different students.