RACE AND INTELLIGENCE
Richard C. Lewontin
In the spring of 1653 Pope Innocent X condemned a pernicious heresy which espoused the doctrines of "total depravity, irresistible grace, lack of free will, predestination and limited atonement." That heresy was Jansenism and its author was Cornelius Jansen, Bishop of Ypres.
In the winter of 1968 the same doctrine appeared in the "Harvard Educational Review." That doctrine is now called "jensenism" by the "New York Times Magazine" and its author is Arthur R. Jensen, professor of educational psychology at the University of California at Berkeley. It is a doctrine as erroneous in the twentieth century as it was in the seventeenth. I shall try to play the Innocent.
Jensen's article, "How Much Can We Boost I. Q. and Scholastic Achievement?" created such a furor that the "Review" reprinted it along with critiques by psychologists, theorists of education and a population geneticist under the title "Environment, Heredity and Intelligence." The article first came to my attention when, at no little expense, it was sent to every member of the National Academy of Sciences by the eminent white Anglo-Saxon inventor, William Shockley, as part of his continuing campaign to____________________