John M. Davis
California State University, Hayward
Stephen E. Brock
Lodi Unified School District, Lodi, CA
This chapter addresses four aspects of suicidal behaviors among youth under the age of 19: the incidence, the underlying theory, basic research, and school-based strategies for responding to the problem of youth suicide. The incidence section presents the magnitude of the problem of youth suicide. The theory section provides a definition, nomenclature, and typology for suicide and suicide-related behaviors. It also reviews the development of the concept of death by suicide in children. The research section explores some of the risk factors of youth suicide. Finally, the responses section addresses school-based strategies for preventing and responding to suicidal ideation and behaviors.
The discussion that follows presents current data for the incidence of suicidal ideation and behaviors among young people. This is done to illustrate the magnitude of the problem. Specific variables discussed are age, gender, and ethnicity. Also presented are data regarding methods of suicide and information regarding the interpretation of suicide statistics.