Head Quarters, Dist of West. Tenn.
Pittsburgh, April 12th, 1862.
GEN. W. T. SHERMAN
I aminstructed by Gen Halleck to detail two Regiments to go on board a Steamer this evening to proceed up the river to Florence and destroy a portion of the bridge there and if practicable cut the Bridge over Bear Creek. 1 The two Gun Boats will accompany. You can select Regiments from your Command to execute this work.
Your Obt Servant
U. S. GRANT
Copies, DLC-USG, V, 1, 2, 3, 86; DNA, RG 393, USG Letters Sent. O.R., I, x, part 2, 102. On April 14, 1862, Brig. Gen. William T. Sherman wrote to Capt. John A. Rawlins. "I have the honor to report, that in obedience to verbal orders from Gen'l Grant, ratified in person by Gen'l Halleck, I embarked on board the Transports, Tecumseh and White Cloud, during the evening of the 12th inst, one hundred men of the 4th Ills Cavalry, under command of Major S. M. Bowman, and the Brigade of General Fry, and escorted by the Gun boats Tyler and Lexington Commanders Gwinn and Shirk, proceeded up the Tennessee River to Chickasaw Landing, where all the troops were disembarked at 7 A. M. the 13th inst. By my orders Maj. Bowman proceeded rapidly on the road to Iuca, the enemy's pickets retreating before him, and destroying themselves by fire a Road bridge across Bear Creek, which I had ordered Gen'l Fry to destroy to secure the right flank of the movement on the Bear Creek Bridge. This Bridge about 7 miles from Chickasaw being destroyed, Major Bowman proceeded rapidly up the road 8 miles further, and on approaching the Railroad bridge across Bear Creek hefound it guarded by the enemy. He dismounted his men and advanced along the track with flankers in the swampy ground, and drove the enemy from the Bridge into the cut beyond, and from that to the West. Then with axes which had been provided he began the destruction of the trustle work to the west east of the Bridge, and with fire destroyed the Bridge itself. This latter consisted of two spans of 110 ft. each, which were burned and fell into the River. With axes and fire he destroyed three pieces of trustle work of an aggregate length of 500 feet, also tearing down about half a mile of telegraph wire rolling it up, and throwing it into the River. He gathered ties and other timber, made bon-fires and piled on them the Railroad Iron, so as to bend it and render it useless for future repairs. Whilst so employed the head of General Fry's column of Infantry arrived and assisted in