To Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand
Head Quarters, Army of the Ten.
Pittsburg Landing, April 21st 1862
MAJ. GEN. J. A. MCCLERNAND
COMD. G 1ST DIV.
It is reported to me that outside the Picketts of Gen. Garfields
1 Brigade there is a deserted camp of the rebels where some
sixty Sibley tents
2 are still standing, besides other property.
I wish you would order some teams, with a Cavalry escort,
after this property and have it taken up by your Quarter Master.
I am Gen. very respectfully
your obt. svt.
U. S. GRANT
Maj. Gen. Com
ALS, McClernand Papers, IHi. On April 22, 1862, Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand wrote to USG. "According to your direction, I sent forward a number of
Waggons &c. under escort of 30 cavalry men, guided by the man reporting to me,
under your order, for that purpose. The party returned last night bringing in two
ammunition Chests and number of Artillery carriage wheels of little or no value.
The party went as far as the guide would conduct them, and our pickets would
let them go. The guide reports that he found the enemy's picket advanced some
two miles nearer our lines, and this side of the 'Deserted Camp,' which I am
inclined to doubt. Lt Jones waits upon you for direction in regard to the disposal
of the property." Copies, ibid.
James A. Garfield, born in Ohio, attended the Western Reserve Eclectic
Institute (later Hiram College) and graduated from Williams College, returned
to the former to teach, then was elected to the Ohio Senate in 1859 as a Republican.
On Aug. 21, 1861, he was commissioned It. col., 42nd Ohio, was promoted to col.
on Nov. 27, and to brig. gen. on Feb. 19, 1862, in recognition of his victory at
Prestonburg (Middle Creek), Ky. On April 2, he was ordered to join Maj. Gen.
Don Carlos Buell's advance to Savannah and was assigned command of the 20th
Brigade, 6th Division, which arrived at Shiloh just at the end of the battle.
Theodore Clarke Smith, The Life and Letters of James Abram Garfield (New
Haven, 1925), I, 203-8; Frederick D. Williams, ed., The Wild Life of the Army:
Civil War Letters of James A. Garfield ([East Lansing, Mich. ], 1964), pp. 79-81.
A drawing and description of the Sibley tent, which resembled a tepee, is
in Francis A. Lord, Civil War Collector's Encyclopedia (Harrisburg, Pa., 1963),