V, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 88. O. R., I, xvii, part 2, 60. On June 30, 1862, Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck had telegraphed to USG. "Secure the land side of Memphis by entrenchments & batteries as rapidly as possible. You can impress negroes for that purpose." ALS (telegram sent), DNA, RG 108, Telegrams Sent; copies, ibid., RG 393, Dept. of the Mo., Telegrams Sent; ibid., Telegrams Received; ibid., USG Hd. Qrs. Correspondence; DLC-USG, V, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9. O. R., I, xvii, part 2, 56. See telegrams to Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, June 27, 30, 1862.
Memphis, July 1, 1862.
The AVALANCHE can continue, by the withdrawal of the author of the obnoxious article under the caption of "Mischief Makers," and the editorial allusion to the same.
U. S. GRANT, Maj. General.
Memphis Avalanche, July 2, 1862. The clash between USG and the Memphis Avalanche began with an editorial, "The Cup of Aloes," which condemned "unconscientious satraps" of both North and South for mistreating civilians. Ibid., June 27, 1862. On June 28, 1862, Col. William S. Hillyer wrote to the editors of the Memphis Avalanche. "The editorial in your paper this morning entitled 'The Cup of Aloes,' is exceedingly objectionable. No criticism of the acts of the military authorities of the United States will be permitted in the press of Memphis. Every officer and private of the army is responsible to his military superiors for his official acts, and not to the press or people of Memphis. To these superiors, all complaints of improper or illegal acts can be made, and such complaints will