Head Quarters, Dist of West. Tenn.
Memphis, July 3rd 1862.
GENERAL ORDERS No 60.
The system of Guerilla warfare now being prosecuted by some troops organized under authority of the so called Southern Confederacy, and others without such authority, being so pernicious to the welfare of the community where it is carried on, and it being within the power of communities to suppress this system, it is ordered that wherever loss is sustained by the Government collections shall be made, of personal property, from persons in the immediate neighborhood, sympathizing with the rebellion, sufficient to remunerate the Government all loss and expense of collection.
Persons acting as Guerillas without organization, and without uniform to distinguish them from private citizens, are not entitled to the treatment of prisoners of War, when caught, and will not receive such treatment.
By order of Maj Gen U. S. Grant
JNO. A. RAWLINS
a. a. Genl.
Copies, DLC-USG, V, 12, 13, 14, 95; DNA, RG 393, USG General Orders. O. R., I, xvii, part 2, 69. On July 5, 1862, Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck telegraphed to President Abraham Lincoln that the uneasiness among U. S. commanders and pro-Union Tennesseeans caused by the organization of guerrilla units made inadvisable the detachment of troops to reinforce the Army of the Potomac. Ibid., pp. 71-72. On July 16, George R. Merritt, Senatobia, Miss., wrote to USG. "We have seen your infamous and fiendish proclamation. It is characteristic of your infernal policy. We had hoped that this war would be conducted upon principles recognized by civilized nations. But you have seen fit to ignore all the rules of civilized warfare, and resort to means which ought to, and would, make half‐ civilized nations blush. If you attempt to carry out your threat against the property of citizens, we will make you rue the day you issued your dastardly proclamation. If we can't act upon the principle of lex talionis in regard to private property, we will visit summary vengeance upon your men. You call us guerrillas, which you know is false. We are recognized by our government, and it was us who attacked your wagon-train at Morning Sun. We have twenty-three men of yours, and as soon as you carry out your threat against the citizens of the vicinity