of Morning Sun, your Hessians shall pay for it. You shall conduct this war upon proper principles. We intend to force you to do it. If you intend to make this a war of extermination, you will please inform us of it at the earliest convenience. We are ready, and more than willing, to raise the 'black flag.' There are two thousand partisans who have sworn to retaliate. If you do not retract your proclamation, you may expect to have scenes of the most bloody character. We all remember the manner in which your vandal soldiers put to death Mr. Owens, of Missouri. Henceforth our motto shall be, Blood for blood, and blood for property. We intend, by the help of God, to hang on the outskirts of your rabble, like lightning around the edge of a cloud. We don't intend this as a threat, but simply as a warning of what we intend to do, in case you pursue your disgraceful and nefarious policy toward our citizens, as marked out in your threat of recent date." P. C. Headley, The Life and Campaigns of General U. S. Grant (New York, 1868), pp. 167-68.
BY TELEGRAPH FROM Memphis [July] 3 1862
To MAJ GEN'L H. W. HALLECK
There are many families who have their entire means of support south & who have been caught here by federal occupation of the City these persons wish to go to their plantation to remain during present difficulties Cannot discretion be left with commanding officers to let such persons return I would resp'y refer this to the war Dep't
U S GRANT
Telegram received, DNA, RG 94, Generals' Papers and Books, Telegrams Received by Gen. Halleck; copies, ibid., RG 393, USG Hd. Qrs. Correspondence; DLC-USG, V, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 88. On June 30, 1862, USG had telegraphed to Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck. "Is there any discretion left now with the Commandg. officers on the borders about passing Citizens South ? there are cases where families have been caught here, whilst their means of support are south & it would seem that they should be allowed to go home." Telegram received, DNA, RG 94, Generals' Papers and Books, Telegrams Received by Gen. Halleck; copies, ibid., RG 393, USG Hd. Qrs. Correspondence; ibid., Dept. of the Miss., Hd. Qrs. in the Field, Telegrams Received; DLC-USG, V, 4, 5, 7, 8, 88. On July 5, Halleck