Corinth Aug 7th 1862
If you have supplies, Contrabands, send up fifty to go forward to Columbus to work there as stevadores. 1 Sheridan can send them if they are none now on hand.
U. S. GRANT
Telegram, copy, DNA, RG 393, Army of the Miss., Telegrams Received. On Aug. 8, 1862, USG telegraphed again to Brig. Gen. William S. Rosecrans. "In addition to the fifty negroes to go to Columbus called for yesterday, thirty more are wanted here for teamsters. It will save a detail of that number of men from the ranks, If you have the refugees or can get them from men confessing allegiance to the Southern Confederacy" Copy, ibid.
On Aug. 7, Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand wrote to USG. "The enclosed communication having been forwarded to me I respectfully forward it to you, for your decision. I have only to state that I allow no negroes except those brought from the North or employed in Government service to travel on the Rail-roads through my District." Copy, McClernand Papers, IHi. On Aug. 10, Capt. Levi W. Vaughn, provost marshal at Hamburg, telegraphed to USG asking for instructions on the employment, payment, and subsistence of Negroes. Telegram received, DNA, RG 393, Dept. of the Mo., Telegrams Received.
On Aug. 14, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, Memphis, wrote to Maj. John A. Rawlins. "I found about 600 Negroes employed here, and daily others come into our works. I have knowledge that a Law had passed the Congress for using the Labor of such Negroes, approved by the President and sanctioned by General Halleck. No instructions had come or could come to guide me, and I was forced to lay down certain Rules for my own guidance. Masters and Mistresses so thronged my tent as to absorb my whole time, and necessity compelled me to adopt some clearly defined Rules,and I did so. I think them legal, and just. Under this order I must assume to clothe and feed those Negroes, but you will observe I make no provisions for any; save laboring men. —The women and families take refuge here, but I cannot provide for them, but I allow no form or under pursuasion in any case.... I finally enclose a copy of letter from Genl. Pillow addressed to S. P. Walker Esqr of this city and designed for Genl Grant & my self. It did not come under a flag of truce, but by one of the secret mails which I have not yet succeeded in breaking up. I also enclose a copy of my answer which I will hand to Mr Walker & allow him to send as he best may. I do not consider my answer as strictly official as the matters enquired about are as to the situation of his private property." Copy, ibid., District of West Tenn., Letters Received. O. R., I, xvii, part 2, 169-71. On Aug. 2, C. S. A. Brig. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow had written to Samuel P. Walker asking the status of Negroes from his plantation near Helena, Ark., and asking that the letter be transmitted either to