missioned officers hereafter taken prisoners of War will be released on their parole.
The confederate authorities having refused to receive at Vicksburg the last prisoners sent to them no more will be sent there for the present.
The prisoners you have got will either be released on parole in Arkansas, taking duplicate roles of them to be forwarded to Washington, or send them here for disposal.
I would reniew directions already given to keep your force in the Mississippi river at the most suitable point for operating on Vicksburg and cooperating with Gen. Banks should he succeed in reaching that place.
your obt. svt.
U. S. GRANT
Maj. Gen. Com.
ALS, McClernand Papers, IHi. On Jan. 14, 1863, Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand wrote to USG. "I have all the prisoners embarked for Saint Louis, Mo. My reasons for sending them are these—1st. I have received no orders to exchange them 2nd. The Head Quarters of the Commissioner for the Exchange of prisoners are there. 3rd. It would seem to me criminal to send the prisoners to Vicksburg if they may be properly sent elsewhere. To send them would be to reinforce a place with several thousand more prisoners at the moment we are trying to reduce it. I would sail from here to Little Rock and reduce that place but for want of sufficient supply of water in the channel of the Arkansas River. This being the case I will proceed so soon as I have completed the demolition of the enemy's work here to Napoleon by which time I hope to hear from you." Copies, ibid. ; DNA, RG 393, Dept. of the Tenn., Letters Received; ibid., 13th Army Corps, Letters Sent. O. R., I, xvii, part 2, 561; ibid., II, v, 176.
Jan. 14th 1863
Your second letter on the subject of appointments on my Staff is just received. The first reached me at Oxford during the