pose and prohibit all action of the civil authorities unless they the officers give satisfactory evidence of their loyalty
U S GRANT
Copies, DLC-USG, V, 18, 30; DNA, RG 393, Dept. of the Tenn., Letters Sent. O. R., I, xxiv, part 3, 65-66. On Feb. 21, 1863, Maj. Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut had written to Lt. Col. John A. Rawlins. "Some time since one George Rayfield killed a man of the name of Foley in Memphis. He was arrested by the Military police and is held under heavy bonds. Lately the 'Criminal Court' of this place presided over by Judge Swayne—found a 'True Bill' for Murder against him— & ordered his arrest. No person connected with this Court that I can learn either Judge, Attorney or Jury is loyal. I have declined to allow him to be arrested & tried & propose to try him before a Military Commission. —I have requested Judge Swayne to furnish me with evidence of his loyalty—which he has not done. I do not think it wise to permit this Court to continue its Session unless all parties in it take the oath of allegiance to the United States. I refer the question to the Major Genl. before making any order and await reply. I strongly recommend as sound policy and lawful war that every man woman & child in Memphis not loyal be removed outside our lines & thrown upon those with whom they sympathize" ALS, DNA, RG 109, Union Provost Marshals' File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians.
Feby. 24th 1863
BRIG GEN S G BURBRIDGE
COMM'DG EXPEDITION AGAINST GREENVILLE TENN [Miss. ]
Information is just received that you have had a fight with the enemy back of Greenville eight miles captured a Battery and subsequently lost five of them at last accounts you were twelve miles off &c. This all looks favorable and I presume you require no assistance but the men and boats are here and I send two Regiments to your relief should they be required. I can give no