Head Quarters, Dept. of the Ten
Vicksburg Miss. July 7th 1863.
MAJ. GEN. J. B. MCPHERSON,
COMD. G 17TH ARMY CORPS,
Give instructions that no passes are to be given to negroes to accompany their masters on leaving the City. 1 The negroes may be informed that they are free by any one who may choose to give them the information and if they still wish to go no force need be used to prevent.
In the particular case where I gave the reply that force would not be used to prevent negroes accompanying their masters the officer said he had a family and children and could not get along without a nurse. Further that the nurse had been raised in the family and was like one of them and would take it as hard to be seperated as would an actual member of the family.
If there is any indication that a suspicious number of blacks are going to accompany the troops out then all should be turned back except such as are voluntarily accompanying families, not more than one to each family.
U. S. GRANT
Maj. Gen. Com
ALS, deCoppet Collection, NjP. O. R., I, xxiv, part 3, 483. On July 7, 1863, Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson included the substance of USG's instructions in a letter to Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton. Ibid., p. 484. In a letter to McPherson the next day, Pemberton protested the instructions. Ibid., p. 487.