shall be truly understood. They cannot be so understood if nothing but the representations of its adversaries be heard; and manifestly, the public welfare and justice to a party that has furnished, we believe, as many soldiers as any other party, require that it should be allowed to speak for itself. It is with this view we write to respectfully request you to state what, if any, regulations you have established in referrence to the circulation of newspapers and other political matters in the army under your command. Having entire confidence that you are incapable of knowingly prescribing any unfair regulation on the subject, we make this request in order that we may conform to such as you may have prescribed. And we do so the more earnestly because, while we have heard not a word of complaint against you on this subject it is yet currently reported that Democratic newspapers, pamphlets and speeches sent to the army are destroyed on the way by Provost Marshals and Military Post Masters & do not reach their destination, while Republican newspapers &c. pass on and are freely circulated among the soldiers. Whether this report is true or not, we do not certainly know, but if true, great injustice is done to the Democratic party, and a proceeding so unfair ought at once to be stopped. The Democracy of Ohio wish their brethren in the field to be truly informed of their views, and for this purpose to send them newspapers and pamphlets, and, at the proper time, tickets. They ask nothing more in this respect than is or may be accorded to their political opponents and their self respect forbids them to ask less. Trusting, General, that you will excuse the length of this communication, we have the honor to subscribe ourselves, with the highest consideration." LS, DNA, RG 393, Dept. of the Tenn., Letters Received.
On Aug. 4, USG wrote to LeGrand Byington, an Iowa City lawyer, unsuccessful candidate in 1863 for the Democratic nomination for governor, and chairman of the Democratic State Central Committee. "Your letter of the 6th July, asking if citizens of the State of Iowa will be allowed to visit this army and distribute tickets when the election is held for soldiers to vote, etc., is just received. In reply I will state that loyal citizens of Northern States will be allowed to visit the troops from their States at any time. Electioneering, or any other course calculated to arouse discordant feelings, will be prohibited. The volunteer soldiers of the army will be allowed to hold an election, if the law gives them the right to vote, and no power shall prevent them from voting the ticket of their choice." Missouri Republican, Jan. 23, 1868; typescript, LeGrand Byington Papers, State Historical Society of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.
Vicksburg Miss Aug 30, 1863
MAJ GENL. W. T SHERMAN
Send in the prisoners you have taken without uniform, to be confined in Jail, until their case can be made the subject of a communication. I shall leave here tomorrow for New Orleans. In my