Social Economics at the ILO: Scope, Content,
|1.||to apply economic theory to social problems;|
|2.||to measure, where possible, the extent of social problems;|
|3.||to study the social causes of economic behavior; and|
|4.||to study the social consequences of economic behavior (Hagenbuch 1958:2).|
In all these respects, ILO researchers acted as social economists; the scope and method of their work was far from being narrowly confined by the conventional boundaries of contemporary economic theory. ILO social economists made generous allowances for “noneconomic, ”social, or institutional aspects of human behavior. Often these factors rendered irrelevant or inapplicable much received microeconomic economic theory.
From the outset, the ILO researchers were mindful that there were differing perceptions between workers or workers' organizations and employers on what constituted logically acceptable and complete principles of labor protection and labor market “justice” and on what would