The Wycliffite Heresy: Authority and the Interpretation of Texts

By Kantik Ghosh | Go to book overview

Notes

Introduction
1
De Apostasia, ed. M. H. Dziewicki, Wyclif Society (London, 1889)p. 49/17–25. All further references to De Apostasia are to this edition.
2
On the history of the term 'glossing', and its catachresis from 'explication' to 'perversion', see Beryl Smalley, 'The Gospels in the Paris Schools in the Late Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries: Peter the Chanter, Hugh of St. Cher, Alexander of Hales, John of La Rochelle', Franciscan Studies 39 (1979), 230–54, 40 (1980), 298–369 (pp. 366–8), repr. in The Gospels in the Schools: c. 1100—c. 1280 (London, 1985); also Guy Lobrichon, 'Une nouveauté: les gloses de la Bible', in Pierre Riché and Guy Lobrichon (eds. ), Le Moyen âge et la Bible (Paris, 1984), pp. 95–114.
3
De Apostasia, p. 49/22.
4
I will not invoke here the term 'nominalism', given scholarly disagreement over what it means. However, there can be no doubt that what was traditionally seen as one of the characteristics of 'nominalism' — a self-conscious disjunction of reason and faith — does point to a major late-medieval crux. The relation of Wyclif's thought to one of the abiding intellectual preoccupations of his time demands enquiries which fall outside the scope of this study. On 'nominalism', see W. J. Courtenay, 'Late Medieval Nominalism Revisited: 1972–82', Journal of the History of Ideas 44 (1983), 159–64; 'In Search of Nominalism: Two Centuries of Historical Debate', in Ruedi Imbach and Alfonso Maierù (eds. ), Gli studi di filosfia medievale fra otto e novecento: contributo a un bilancio storiografico (Rome, 1991), pp. 233–51; for a somewhat cursory but stimulating account of Wyclif's thought in relation to the 'Endstadium' of medieval thought, see Robert Kalidova, 'Joannus Wyclifs Metaphysik des extremen Realismus und ihre Bedeutung im Endstadium der mittelalterlichen Philosophie', in Paul Wilpert (ed. ), Die Metaphysik im Mittelalter, MM 2 (Berlin, 1963), 717–23; also see Neal Ward Gilbert, 'Ockham, Wyclif and the “Via Moderna”', in Albert Zimmermann (ed. ), Antiqui und Moderni: Traditionsbewuβtsein und Fortschrittsbewuβtsein im späten Mittelalter, MM 9 (Berlin, 1974), pp. 85–125.
5
See Hester Goodenough Gelber, 'Logic and the Trinity: A Clash of Values in Scholastic Thought, 1300–1335', Ph. D. thesis, University of Wisconsin (1974); Exploring the Boundaries of Reason: Three Questions on the Nature of God by Robert Holcot OP (Toronto, 1983);Michael H. Shank, 'Unless You Believe, You Shall Not Understand': Logic, University and Society in Late Medieval Vienna (Princeton, 1988).
6
See, preeminently, Anne Hudson, The Premature Reformation: Wycliffite Texts and Lollard History (Oxford, 1988), pp. 174–277.

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