Political analysis is not only interested in the methods by which the influential are protected or superseded. It is also concerned with the characteristics of those who obtain such values as deference, safety, income. One aspect of the matter is the partition of values among the exponents of various skills.
A skill is a teachable and learnable operation, and skills include the technique of manipulating things or the symbols of things (skills of manual workers or engineers), the technique of manipulating ceremonial symbols, and the techniques of violence, of organization, of bargaining, of propaganda, of analysis.
It is plain that craftsmen and all who exercise the semi- skills connected with the simpler manual operations seldom rise to eminence. The German Reichstag election of 1919 coincided with acute social crisis and the tide was running "left." Yet the new Reichstag had among its members only 2·4 per cent who were "workers," 2·1 per cent who were "salaried workers," and 1·9 per cent who were "craftsmen." The grand total for the manual skills was thus 6·4 per cent, which was remarkably similar to the situation in the Reichstag of 1912. Then the "workers" accounted for 0·5 per cent of the total membership, "salaried workers" were 1·8 per cent, "craftsmen" were 2·5 per cent, and the grand total was 4·8 per cent.