Adams, S., Kuebli, J., Boyle, P. A., and Fivush, R. (1995). Gender differences in parent–child conversations about past emotions: A longitudinal investigation. Sex Roles, 33, 309–323.
Albert, A. A., and Porter, J. R. (1988). Children's gender-role stereotypes: A sociological investigation of psychological models. Sociological Forum, 3, 184–210.
Amato, P. R. (1986). Marital conflict, the parent–child relationship and child self-esteem. Family relations. Journal of Applied Family and Child Studies, 35, 403–410.
Antill, J. K., Goodnow, J. J., Russell, G., and Cotton, S. (1996). The influence of parents and family context on children's involvement in household tasks. Sex Roles, 34, 215–236.
Archer, J. (1984). Gender roles as developmental pathways. British Journal of Social Psychology, 23, 245–256.
Austin, A. M. B., and Braeger, T. J. (1990). Gendered differences in parent's encouragement of sibling interaction: Implications for the construction of a personal premise system. First Language, 10, 181–197.
Baildum, E. M., Hillier, V. F., Menson, S., and Bamford, F. N. (2000). Attention to infants in the first year. Child: Care, Health and Development, 26, 199–216.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.
Barber, B. K., and Thomas, D. L. (1986). Dimensions of fathers' and mothers' supportive behavior: The case for physical affection. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 48, 783–794.
Bardwell, J. R., Cochran, S. W., and Walker, S. (1986). Relationship of parental education, race, and gender to sex role stereotyping in five-year-old kindergartners. Sex Roles, 15, 275–281.
Barglow, P., Contreras, J., Kavesh, L., and Vaughn, B. E. (1998). Developmental follow-up of 6–7 year old children of mothers employed during their infancies. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 29,3–20.
Barnett, D., Kidwell, S. L., and Leung, K. H. (1998). Parenting and preschooler attachment among low-income urban African American families. Child Development, 69, 1657–1671.
Baron, R. M., and Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173–1182.
Baruch, G. K., and Barnett, R. C. (1986). Fathers' participation in family work and children's sex-role attitudes. Child Development, 57, 1210–1223.
Baumrind, D. (1989). Rearing competent children. In W. Damon (Ed. ), Child development today and tomorrow (pp. 349–378). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Baxter, J., and Kane, E. W. (1995). Dependence and independence: A cross-national analysis of gender inequality and gender attitudes. Gender and Society, 9, 193–215.
Bee, H. L., Van Egeren, L. F., Streissguth, A. P., Nyman, B. A., and Leckie, M. S. (1969). Social class differences in maternal teaching strategies and speech patterns. Developmental Psychology, 1, 726–734.
Belsky, J., and Rovine, M. J. (1988). Nonmaternal care in the first year of life and the security of infant/parent attachment. Child Development, 59, 157–167.
Benenson, J. F. (1996). Gender differences in the development of relationships. In G. G. Noam and K. W. Fischer (Eds. ), Development and vulnerability in close relationships (pp. 263–286). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Benenson, J. F., Morash, D., and Petrakos, H. (1998). Gender differences in emotional closeness between preschool children and their mothers. Sex Roles, 38, 975–985.
Best, D. L., and Williams, J. E. (1997). Sex, gender, and culture. In J. W. Berry, M. H. Segall, and C. Kagitcibasi (Eds. ), Handbook of cross-cultural psychology: Vol. 3. Social behavior and applications (pp. 163–212). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Bigler, R. S. (1997). Conceptual and methodological issues in the measurement of children's sex typing. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, 53–69.
Biringen, Z., Emde, R. N., Brown, D., Lowe, L., Myers, S., and Nelson, D. (1999). Emotional availability and emotion communication in naturalistic mother–infant interactions: Evidence for gender relations. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 14, 463–478.
Blackford, J. U., and Walden, T. A. (1998). Individual differences in social referencing. Infant Behavior and Development, 21, 89–102.
Blair, S. L. (1992). The sex-typing of children's household labor: Parental influence on daughters' and sons' housework. Youth and Society, 24, 178–203.
Block, J. H. (1973). Conceptions of sex role: Some cross-cultural and longitudinal perspectives. American Psychologist, 28, 512–526.
Block, J. H. (1983). Differential premises arising from differential socialization of the sexes: Some conjectures. Child Development, 54, 1335–1354.
Bornstein, M. H., and Haynes, O. M. (1998). Vocabulary competence in early childhood: Measurement, latent construct, and predictive validity. Child Development, 69, 654–671.
Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent–child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books.