Caesar's Army: A Study of the Military Art of the Romans in the Last Days of the Republic

By Harry Pratt Judson. | Go to book overview

5.

THE AUXILIARY INFANTRY.

§ 17. The auxiliaries (auxiliares) were raised from subject or allied states by enlistment, by conscription, and by treaty. Of course in no case were they Roman citizens.

Among the auxiliaries obtained by voluntary enlistment were the light-armed troops (milites levis armaturae, Fig. 8),

Fig. 8. a. Slinger. — b. Light-armed soldier. — c. Legionary on the march. — d. Legionary ready for battle. — e. Light-armed soldier.

used for skirmishing or rapid movements for which the heavily loaded legionaries were hardly adapted (§ 46). Then there were the slingers (funditores, Fig. 8), casters of stones and leaden balls, those from the Balearic Islands being especially skilful ; and the archers (sagitlarii), often from Crete or Numidia.

B. G. II, 71, I01.

Of the organization of the auxiliaries conscripted or supplied by the allies, little is known definitely. We may infer that it would depend much upon the nation ; but in case of long service the Roman general doubtless gave some atten

-18-

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Caesar's Army: A Study of the Military Art of the Romans in the Last Days of the Republic
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Caesar's Army - A Study of the Military Art of the Romans in the Last Days of the Republic. *
  • Preface *
  • Contents *
  • List of Illustrations *
  • Abbreviations *
  • I - The Organization. *
  • 1 - The Infantry of the Legion. *
  • 2 - The Standards. 13
  • 3 - The Music. 15
  • 4 - The Baggage Train. 16
  • 5 - The Auxiliary Infantry. 18
  • 6 - The Cavalry. 19
  • 7 - The Artillery. 20
  • 8 - The Staff and Staff Troops. 26
  • II - The Legionary. *
  • 1 - Enlistment. *
  • 2 - Clothing. 32
  • 3 - Armor. 32
  • 4 - Arms. 33
  • 5 - Baggage. 36
  • 6 - Work. 36
  • 7 - Pay. 37
  • 8 - Discipline. 38
  • III - Tactics of the Legion. *
  • Military Terms *
  • A - Order of Battle. 41
  • B - The Order of March. 46
  • IV - Tactics of the Cavalry. *
  • V - Tactics of the Army. *
  • A - The Battle. *
  • B - The March. 62
  • C - The Camp. 70
  • D - The Siege. 87
  • VI - The Ships and Sea-Fights. *
  • VII - The Enemy. *
  • Maps of the Principal Campaigns and Plans of the Most Important Battles and Sieges of the Gallic War *
  • Gallia Antiqua *
  • Map of the Campaign of B. C.58 *
  • Map of the Campaign of B. C.57 *
  • Map of the Campaigns of B. C. 55,54, & 53 *
  • Britain in the Campaigns of B. C.55 & 54 *
  • Map of the Campaign of B. C. 52 *
  • Index of Latin Military Terms *
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