§ 46. Besides his arms and armor, the legionary was accustomed to carry various entrenching tools, such as saws, spades, axes, and baskets ; articles for obtaining and cooking food, as sickles, cords, and cooking vessels ; spare clothing and material for repairing any of the clothes or equipments.
§ 47. The ration of food for one day weighed probably aboutlbs. On short expeditions, the soldier must carry his own provisions. As many as 17 days' rations, amounting to 28 lbs., are known to have been provided and carried. The ration was usually in the form of coarse flour, or of unground grain which the soldier must crush for himself.
R. p. 14.
§ 48. According as the food was for a longer or shorter time, the weight carried, exclusive of arms or armor, must have reached 30 to 45 lbs.
§ 49. For the convenient carriage of all this baggage, Marius contrived what were known by his name as " Marius's mules" (muli Mariani). The baggage was packed in bundles (sarcinae), and these fastened to the upper end of a pole (furca), which was forked at the top. On the march the legionary carried this pole on his shoulder. When a temporary halt was made without laying aside the baggage, the lower end of the furca was placed on the ground, and the soldier could lean on it to rest. (Fig. 8.)
§ 50. The legionary was not allowed to rust from idleness. When the day's march was done, he must lay aside baggage and arms, and do his part in fortifying the camp.