Caesar's Army: A Study of the Military Art of the Romans in the Last Days of the Republic

By Harry Pratt Judson. | Go to book overview

5.

BAGGAGE.

§ 46. Besides his arms and armor, the legionary was accustomed to carry various entrenching tools, such as saws, spades, axes, and baskets ; articles for obtaining and cooking food, as sickles, cords, and cooking vessels ; spare clothing and material for repairing any of the clothes or equipments.

§ 47. The ration of food for one day weighed probably about

lbs. On short expeditions, the soldier must carry his own provisions. As many as 17 days' rations, amounting to 28 lbs., are known to have been provided and carried. The ration was usually in the form of coarse flour, or of unground grain which the soldier must crush for himself.

R. p. 14.

§ 48. According as the food was for a longer or shorter time, the weight carried, exclusive of arms or armor, must have reached 30 to 45 lbs.

§ 49. For the convenient carriage of all this baggage, Marius contrived what were known by his name as " Marius's mules" (muli Mariani). The baggage was packed in bundles (sarcinae), and these fastened to the upper end of a pole (furca), which was forked at the top. On the march the legionary carried this pole on his shoulder. When a temporary halt was made without laying aside the baggage, the lower end of the furca was placed on the ground, and the soldier could lean on it to rest. (Fig. 8.)


6.

WORK.

§ 50. The legionary was not allowed to rust from idleness. When the day's march was done, he must lay aside baggage and arms, and do his part in fortifying the camp.

-36-

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Caesar's Army: A Study of the Military Art of the Romans in the Last Days of the Republic
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Caesar's Army - A Study of the Military Art of the Romans in the Last Days of the Republic. *
  • Preface *
  • Contents *
  • List of Illustrations *
  • Abbreviations *
  • I - The Organization. *
  • 1 - The Infantry of the Legion. *
  • 2 - The Standards. 13
  • 3 - The Music. 15
  • 4 - The Baggage Train. 16
  • 5 - The Auxiliary Infantry. 18
  • 6 - The Cavalry. 19
  • 7 - The Artillery. 20
  • 8 - The Staff and Staff Troops. 26
  • II - The Legionary. *
  • 1 - Enlistment. *
  • 2 - Clothing. 32
  • 3 - Armor. 32
  • 4 - Arms. 33
  • 5 - Baggage. 36
  • 6 - Work. 36
  • 7 - Pay. 37
  • 8 - Discipline. 38
  • III - Tactics of the Legion. *
  • Military Terms *
  • A - Order of Battle. 41
  • B - The Order of March. 46
  • IV - Tactics of the Cavalry. *
  • V - Tactics of the Army. *
  • A - The Battle. *
  • B - The March. 62
  • C - The Camp. 70
  • D - The Siege. 87
  • VI - The Ships and Sea-Fights. *
  • VII - The Enemy. *
  • Maps of the Principal Campaigns and Plans of the Most Important Battles and Sieges of the Gallic War *
  • Gallia Antiqua *
  • Map of the Campaign of B. C.58 *
  • Map of the Campaign of B. C.57 *
  • Map of the Campaigns of B. C. 55,54, & 53 *
  • Britain in the Campaigns of B. C.55 & 54 *
  • Map of the Campaign of B. C. 52 *
  • Index of Latin Military Terms *
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