Caesar's Army: A Study of the Military Art of the Romans in the Last Days of the Republic

By Harry Pratt Judson. | Go to book overview

VII.

THE ENEMY.

A. DEFENCE OF FORTIFIED TOWNS.

§ 220. The sieges that Cæsar's armies conducted were against two sorts of fortifications, — the walled towns of the Gauls, as Alesia, and the more elaborate works that defended haunts of Graeco-Roman civilization, like Massilia.

§ 221. The former were comparatively simple, and fell usually without much difficulty before the resources of Roman military science. The defences of Massilia, however, had been planned by the same engineering skill that assailed them, and the town was supplied with every appliance of resistance known to the military art of the day. The siege of that city was a grapple of giants.

B. G. II, 12.

C. II, I-15.

. § 222. Cæsar gives a clear account of the construction of a Gallic town wall. Logs are laid on the ground, two

Fig. 45. Horizontal Section of Gallic Wall.

feet apart, their length at right angles to the direction of the wall (Fig. 42). The large end of each log is turned without, the small end within. These smaller ends are then fastened together by cross-timbers some 40 feet long, and earth is piled on them. Between the large ends are placed

B. G. VII, 23.

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Caesar's Army: A Study of the Military Art of the Romans in the Last Days of the Republic
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Caesar's Army - A Study of the Military Art of the Romans in the Last Days of the Republic. *
  • Preface *
  • Contents *
  • List of Illustrations *
  • Abbreviations *
  • I - The Organization. *
  • 1 - The Infantry of the Legion. *
  • 2 - The Standards. 13
  • 3 - The Music. 15
  • 4 - The Baggage Train. 16
  • 5 - The Auxiliary Infantry. 18
  • 6 - The Cavalry. 19
  • 7 - The Artillery. 20
  • 8 - The Staff and Staff Troops. 26
  • II - The Legionary. *
  • 1 - Enlistment. *
  • 2 - Clothing. 32
  • 3 - Armor. 32
  • 4 - Arms. 33
  • 5 - Baggage. 36
  • 6 - Work. 36
  • 7 - Pay. 37
  • 8 - Discipline. 38
  • III - Tactics of the Legion. *
  • Military Terms *
  • A - Order of Battle. 41
  • B - The Order of March. 46
  • IV - Tactics of the Cavalry. *
  • V - Tactics of the Army. *
  • A - The Battle. *
  • B - The March. 62
  • C - The Camp. 70
  • D - The Siege. 87
  • VI - The Ships and Sea-Fights. *
  • VII - The Enemy. *
  • Maps of the Principal Campaigns and Plans of the Most Important Battles and Sieges of the Gallic War *
  • Gallia Antiqua *
  • Map of the Campaign of B. C.58 *
  • Map of the Campaign of B. C.57 *
  • Map of the Campaigns of B. C. 55,54, & 53 *
  • Britain in the Campaigns of B. C.55 & 54 *
  • Map of the Campaign of B. C. 52 *
  • Index of Latin Military Terms *
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