Suicide and euthanasia
Whatevermonk… should praise the beauty of death…heisnotin communion.
While Buddhism emphasizes that there is much dukkha in life, this can, paradoxically, help dissuade a Buddhist from giving in to despair. If dukkha is to be expected in life, then there is less reason to take particular problems so personally: as the world conspiring against one. Reflection on the idea of phenomena as not-Self can also help a Buddhist to avoid being dragged down by unpleasant experiences. Reflection on the principle of impermanence should urge him or her to realize that all bad things come to an end, sooner or later. Reflection on the principle of karma should mean that he or she is more willing to live patiently through the results of his or her own prior action - and maybe learn something about the nature of life in the process - rather than sow the seeds of future suffering by new, rash actions.
Of course, someone faced with some weighty suffering might kill himself or herself in the hope of something less intolerable after death; yet there is no guarantee that matters may not be made worse by this act. From the Buddhist perspective, the next rebirth might be as an animal preyed on and eaten by others, as a frustrated ghost, or in a hell: so suicide may lead on to something more 'intolerably painful' than the present life. Even in the case of a human rebirth, there are many possible forms of severe suffering.
One of the three forms of craving is craving for annihilation (vibhāvatan$$hā): to get rid of unpleasant situations. Where one's whole life-situation is perceived to be so unbearable that one says 'no!' to it, it may culminate in suicide. However, as it is craving which impels one through the round of rebirths, the state of mind which prompts suicide will be a crucial cause of yet another rebirth, along with its problems. So as an attempted escape from the sufferings of life, suicide is, according to Buddhist principles, totally ineffective. It will only be followed by a further rebirth, probably lower than a human one, in which the