Chapters 4 and 5 of this study are based on articles which previously appeared in two journals; 'The Frailties of Fanny: Mansfield Park and the Evangelical Movement' was published in Eighteenth-Century Fiction 6, April 1994, and 'Men of Sense and Silly Wives: the Confusions of Mr Knightley' in Studies in the Novel 28, 1996. I am grateful to the editors of these publications for permission to use this material.
I am grateful also to Josie Dixon of the Cambridge University Press for her knowledgeable interest and for her encouragement throughout the writing process; and to the Press's two readers, whose criticisms and suggestions have so much improved the early drafts.
My thanks are also due to members of the London Women's Studies Group 1500–1825 for listening to some of the original ideas. Special appreciation should go to Linda Bree for reading part of the manuscript and to Lois A. Chaber for sharing her Richardson expertise.
I should also like to thank Elspeth Knights for pointing the way to the cover illustration.
Finally, I must thank my son Tom Waldron, who first believed that I was right about Mansfield Park, and my husband Ronald Waldron for his unfailing encouragement over a long period, and his invaluable help in the preparation of the manuscript.