Human Rights in the
A Balance Sheet
Helen R. Lanham
David P. Forsythe
Genocidal armies. Fascist gangs. Concentration camps.
Dithering statesmen. Refugee throngs. Closed borders. Be-
New Europe: What new Europe?
Same old Europe, I'd say.
Washington Post, September 1992.
Students of internationally recognized human rights are compelled to acknowledge the complexity of their subject. The brief history of analytical studies dealing with the practice of international human rights on a global scale only accentuates the problem. There is a paucity of grand theory, perhaps any theory, purporting to explain why Czechoslovakia manifested considerable rights-oriented policies between I920 and 1938, as shown by Bruce Garver in this volume, whereas Russia did not during the same or any other era. Why did Czechoslovakia undergo a "velvet revolution" leading to the election of the distinguished intellectual and dissident Vaclav Havel as Federal President, I989-92, whereas Romania had a more violent and incomplete revolution leading to the near-summary execution of former dictator Nicholae Ceaucescu and his wife? Many students of human rights would settle for satisfactory explanations as to why attention to a