Euthanasia, Ethics, and Public Policy: An Argument against Legalisation

By John Keown | Go to book overview

INDEX
Abortion
choice, 73
Hippocratic Oath, 41
ineffective guidelines, 73
last resort, 73
second doctor, 75
slippery slope, 71, 72, 73–4, 123, 275, 277
Act or omission
deprivation of life, 235
foreseen life-shortening, 42, 224
intentional euthanasia, 12–15
see also Deliberate omission
Adams, John Bodkin (Adams case), 24, 28
Advance directives, 89
Alzheimer's disease, 5, 226
American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, 174
American Medical Association (AMA), 213, 278
Andrews, Keith, 220, 226, 242
Andrews, Kevin, 166
Australia
criminal law, 58
Federal Parliament, 5, 162, 166
see also Northern Territory
Autonomy
Bland, Tony (Bland case), 224, 227–8
British Medical Association (BMA), 208, 209
choosing what is right, 53–6
criminal law, 53–4, 60–1
degree of autonomy, 56
depression, 56, 57
human flourishing, 53
medical decision-making, 32, 77, 78
misunderstanding, 227–30
morality, 53–4
Netherlands, 123, 128
physician-assisted suicide (PAS), 32, 77, 78
purpose and value, 53–5
refusal of food/water, 228
refusal of treatment, 55–6, 227–8
right to choose, 52–3
Robb case, 228–9, 230
sanctity/inviolability of life, 224, 227, 228, 229
suicide, 64–6, 228
unbearable suffering, 79
value, 52–7
Babies
Down's syndrome, 42, 48–9, 202, 258
non-voluntary active euthanasia (NVAE), 119–20, 130–1, 148, 209
treatment withdrawn/withheld, 231, 245
ventilation, 231
see also Children
Battery, 224
Battin, Margaret, 142, 276–7, 281
Best interests
Bland, Tony (Bland case), 221, 223, 248
children, 245
incompetent patients, 218, 221, 223, 224, 244, 248, 252, 262, 267–9
tube-feeding withdrawn, 218, 224, 248, 252
Bingham, Thomas (Sir) (MR), 231
Biological units, 222
Bland, Tony (Bland case), 5, 12–15, 22, 41, 64, 68, 183, 191–2, 217–38
amicus curiae,217
Attorney-General, 217, 236
autonomy, 224, 227–8
best interests, 221, 223, 248
BMA guidelines, 239–59
bootstrap authority, 229

-303-

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Euthanasia, Ethics, and Public Policy: An Argument against Legalisation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Foreword xiii
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • Table of Cases xvi
  • Abbreviations xviii
  • Introduction 1
  • Part I - Definitions 7
  • 1 - 'Voluntary Euthanasia' 9
  • 2 - Intended V. Foreseen Life-Shortening 18
  • 3 - 'Physician-Assisted Suicide' 31
  • Part II - The Ethical Debate: Human Life, Autonomy, Legal Hypocrisy, and the Slippery Slope 37
  • 4 - The Value of Human Life 39
  • 5 - The Value of Autonomy 52
  • 6 - Legal Hypocrisy? 58
  • 7 - The Slippery Slope Arguments 70
  • Part III - The Dutch Experience: Controlling Vae? Condoning Nvae? 81
  • 8 - The Guidelines 83
  • 9 - The First Survey: the Incidence of 'Euthanasia' 91
  • 10 - Breach of the Guidelines 103
  • 11 - The Slide Towards Nvae 115
  • 12 - The Second Survey 125
  • 13 - The Dutch in Denial? 136
  • Part IV - Australia and the United States 151
  • 14 - The Northern Territory: Rotti 153
  • 15 - Oregon: the Death with Dignity Act 167
  • Part V - Expert Opinion 181
  • 16 - Expert Committees 183
  • 17 - Supreme Courts 191
  • 18 - Medical Associations 208
  • Part VI - Passive Euthanasia: Withholding/withdrawing Treatment and Tube-Feeding with Intent to Kill 215
  • 19 - The Tony Bland Case 217
  • 20 - Beyond Bland: the Bma Guidance on Withholding/withdrawing Medical Treatment 239
  • 21 - The Winterton Bill 260
  • Conclusions 273
  • Afterword: the Diane Pretty Case 282
  • Bibliography 292
  • Index 303
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