That you hold yourself in readiness, when so ordered, to return to Quincy and return as soon as practicable, and move as before directed, to Saint Louis. Tell me the position of your command after reporting to Smith, and I will send further orders. Letter enclosing warrant received. Will convert and send to where you wish." Copy, ibid., RG 393, District of North Mo., Letters Sent. The 21st Ill. arrived in Quincy at noon, July 11. Ibid., RG 94, 21st Ill., Records of Events ; Quincy Herald, Quincy Whig, July 12, 1861.
The change in orders was caused by increased secessionist guerrilla activity along the line of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad. On July 9, six cos. commanded by Col. Robert F. Smith, 16th Ill., were attacked about twelve miles south of Monroe Station, Mo. The next day, Smith proceeded to Monroe, where he found secessionists destroying railroad property. They left as Smith approached, and he moved into a brick building. The next morning, July 11, the building was surrounded by a force, estimated by Smith as high as 2,000 men, which fired on the building until late in the afternoon, when reinforcements of the 16th Ill. arrived by train. Smith to Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, July 14, 1861, O. R., I, iii, 40-41; Chicago Times, July 11, 1861 ; Quincy Herald, July 11, 12, 13, 16, 27, 1861; Illinois State Register, July 12, 1861; Missouri Republican, July 12, 13, 18, 1861; Missouri Democrat, July 13, 1861; Walter Williams, A History of Northeast Missouri (Chicago and New York, 1913), pp. 55, 486-87.
On his arrival at Quincy, USG learned that the 16th Ill. was in less danger than supposed. Memoirs, I, 248. The bulk of the 21st Ill. crossed the Mississippi River and encamped at West Quincy, awaiting the repair of bridges to permit an advance. DNA, RG 94, 21st Ill., Records of Events.
Quincy, July 12th, 1861
Col. Palmer is occupying the road from Hannibal out. Three companies of my regiment from here to Palmyra. Col. Smith is relieved. When the Chicago troops 1 arrive shall I come in ?
Telegram, copy (punctuation added), DNA, RG 393, District of North Mo., Register of Letters Received. On July 12, 1861, Brig. Gen. John Pope's hd. qrs. replied. "General Pope's last instructions were for you to wait further orders. Will ask him when you are to move." Copy, ibid., Letters Sent. On July 12, Pope