Headquarters Ironton Mo|
August 18 1861|
|COL L. F. Ross.|
|17TH ILLINOIS VOLS.|
You will hold your regiment inreadiness to move upon Fredericktown, which you will occupy until further orders. Quartermaster E. M. Joel 1 will provide necessary transportation
You will make your reports to these Headquarters and receive rations from here. Owing to the scarcity of transportation at this point you will only take with you five days rations and order back as much of your train as can be spared, under a small escort, to get new supplies
Instructions, if not given before, will be sent to you at Fredericktown
You should move as early as Tuesday 2 morning if practicable.
U. S. GRANT
Copies, DLC-USG, V, 1, 2, 3; DNA, RG 393, USG Letters Sent. O. R., I, iii, 448. Leonard F. Ross of Lewiston, Ill., had served as 1st It. in the Mexican War, then returned to the practice of law. Active in the Democratic Party, he had served as probate judge of Fulton County before his appointment as col., 17th Ill., on May 25, 1861.
Since USG was no longer in Ironton on Aug. 18, this order may have been prepared earlier. Early in the morning of Aug. 17, Brig. Gen. Benjamin M. Prentiss arrived at Ironton bearing orders from Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont, dated Aug. 15, to take command of U. S. troops stationed near Ironton. Ibid., pp. 443-44; Prentiss to Frémont, Aug. 17, 1861, DNA, RG 393, Western Dept., Letters Received; letters of "Orion," Aug. 17, 18, 1861, in Missouri Democrat, Aug. 19, 20, 1861. Prentiss had been a brig. gen. of Ill. troops in May, 1861, when USG held no commission, but was not confirmed as brig. gen. of U. S. vols. until Aug., 1861, when USG was also confirmed, and he stood lower than USG on the list of brig. gens. because USG had prior U. S. army service. Unwilling to serve under an officer junior in rank, USG boarded the train to St. Louis on Aug. 17 to state his case to Frémont. Memoirs, I, 257; Capt. John C. Kelton to Frémont, Aug. 19, 1861, DNA, RG 393, Western Dept., Letters Received; letter of "Orion," Aug. 18, 1861, in Missouri Democrat, Aug. 20, 1861; "General Grant and General Prentiss," USGA Newsletter, III, 2 (Jan., 1966), 8.