Headquarters U. S. Forces
Jefferson City, Mo. August 22, 1861
CAPT SPEED BUTLER A. A. G.
ST. LOUIS, Mo.
During yesterday I visited the camps of the different commands about this city and selected locations for troops yet to arrive. I find a great deficiency in everything for the comfort and efficiency of an army. Most of the troops are without clothing, camp and garrison equipage. Ammunition was down to about ten rounds of cartridges and for the artillery none is left. The artillery here consists of four six pounders, without artillerymen, and one twenty four pound howitzer, too heavy for field use. The Post Quartermaster and Commissary have not been here since my arrival, so that I cannot report fully as to these Departments. They are apparently in a bad condition. There are no rations for issue; 1 the mules, sent some time since, areguarded in a lot, no effort being made to get them into teams; and a general looseness prevailing.
I have fitted out an expedition of three hundred and fifty men to scour the country around where the cars were fired into day before yesterday. 2 Such information has been received here as will probably lead to the arrest of many of the parties engaged: The party in pursuit will subsist off of the community through which they pass. Stringent instructions have been given as to how supplies are to be got. From reports received here the whole of this country is in a state of ferment. Theyare driving out the union men and appropriating their property. The best force to put this down would be mounted homeguards and I would therefore recommend that as many as possible of this class of troops be put upon horses. Generally, they are able to mount themselves, and when they cannot, horses could be obtained from good secessionists, who have been aiding and abetting the southern cause.