On an undated "List of Prisoners of War Confined at Camp Cairo," a list of thirty-four names was followed by a comment. "All of these prisoners were in the fight at Charleston the night of the 19th August & morning of the 20th between a detachment of troops from Bird's point and the rebels and were found in arms when taken—The Federal detachment consisted of infantry under command of Col Dougherty 22d Regt Ill Vols & Cavalry under Capt Noleman. —The Official Report of the affair at Charleston will doubtless be found at Head Quarters at St Louis—communicated by Col. R. J. Oglesby, 8th Regt. Ill Vols, Commdg forces at Cairo at that date." DS, ibid., RG 109, Records of Union Provost Marshals Relating to Prisoners, Station Rolls, Ill.
The man originally intended to be the thirty-fifth prisoner is described on the front of the document. "Richard Cranshaw—Arrested as a 'Spy' by Col W H L. Wallace Commdg Birds Point is accused by A. W. Nims (who was employ[ed] in Federal secret service) as being one of t[hose] who arrested him near Charleston—This m[an] came into Birds Point under pretence of [be]ing after a runaway negro—" Across this is noted, "Not with these Prisoners."
Head Quarters Dist S. E. Mo|
Cairo Sept 19th 1861|
The senior officer at a post is necessarily the Commander of it. And Col Morgan being ordered to Cairo necessarily leaves you in the position of commanding officer of Fort Holt Ky.
Col Morgan has been directed by me 1 to furnish one company for a guard to your command untill such time as I may be able to spare a Regiment or part of a Regiment for that Post. And you as commander can post the Guard
I will inform Col Morgan to that effect
|U. S. GRANT|
|Brig Genl Com|
|To Capt Schwartz|
|Comdg Fort Holt Ky|
Copies, DLC-USG, V, 1, 2, 3, 77; DNA, RG 393, USG Letters Sent. See letter to Col. John B. Turchin, Sept. 8, 1861, note 1.