The Pan-German League, 1890-1914

By Mildred S. Wertheimer | Go to book overview

CHAPTER V
THE AIMS AND IDEALS OF THE PAN-GERMAN LEAGUE

THERE are in German two terms, Pangermanisch and Alldeutsch, both of which are translated in English by the word "Pan-German" and in French by "Pangermaniste". It is always difficult to express the full value of words when translating them into another language, and confusion is likely to result. In this case, the danger is augmented, for Pangermanisch and Alldeutsch are not synonymous, and it is essential to an understanding of the Pan- German League that the use of this term "Pan-German" be fully explained.

The roots of the words Pangermanisch and Alldeutsch differ; Pangermanisch comes from Germani and has the connotation of "Germanic" or "Teutonic", which in its extended ethnic sense embraces any member of the races or peoples speaking a "Germanic" or "Teutonic" language--i. e., Gothic, the Scandinavian tongues, low German high German and English.1Alldeutsch, on the other hand has the connotation of "Deutsch" which is said to be derived from the root "Thiod", meaning "people", which appears in Gothic, Anglo-Saxon, and other comparatively early Germanic languages.2 The word Deutsch was prob-

____________________
1
Murray New English Dictionary, vol. 9, pt. 2, p. 236.
2
"The Old High German adjective, diutisk--"pertaining to the people"--which was written theodiscus in the Latin of the ninth century, became the diutsch or tiutsch of Middle High German, and the deutsch of Modern German." Hayes C. H., Sources of the Germanic Invasions ( New York 1909), pp. 16et seq.

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