Economic Planning and the Tariff: An Essay on Social Philosophy

By James Gerald Smith | Go to book overview

APPENDIX II
NOTE ON THE GENERAL AVERAGE HEIGHT OF RATES UNDER THE HAWLEY-SMOOT TARIFF ACT OF 19301

ACCORDING to figures published by the United States Tariff Commission, the average ad valorem equivalent rate of duty rose from 40.1 per cent in 1929 to 53.2 per cent in 1931. This amounts to an increase in the general average tariff rate upon imports of more than thirty-two per cent. It must be noted, of course, that in part this increase in the restrictive rates of our tariff was due to changing price levels.

The following table is a summary of the ad valorem equivalent tariff rates with respect to particular commodities or groups of commodities in 1929 and 1931, showing the generally high rate of duty and the increase in restrictive rates from 1929 to 1931:


TABLE I
Commodity groupAverage ad valorem
equivalent rate of duty2
1929 1931
Animals and animal products, edible21.931.0
Animals and animal products, inedible27.825.7
Vegetable and food products, edible57.891.8
Vegetable products, inedible38.061.0
Textiles41.850.5
Wood and paper29.829.8
Non-metallic minerals31.236.5
Metals and manufactures, except
machinery and vehicles
35.837.4
Machinery and vehicles32.730.1
Chemicals and related products34.340.9
Miscellaneous40.147.3
____________________
1
This appendix is based upon a study made by the United States Tariff Commission entitled "Computed Duties and Equivalent Ad Valorem Rates on Imports into the United States from Principal Countries, 1929 and 1931," published in 1933, and other more recent studies cited.
2
Figures for dutiable merchandise only, from Foreign Commerce and Navi-
gation
, 1929 and 1931.

-208-

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