The failure of the Roosevelt administration to intervene directly in the textile strike of 1934 did not hurt it that year at the polls. Jimmy Byrnes traveled from South Carolina to campaign for the administration's candidates in late October in congressional races in Ohio, Michigan, and other midwestern and northern states. Returning to South Carolina to vote in the November elections, Byrnes the morning after the polls closed saw a landslide victory nationwide for the Democrats, with his party winning a two-thirds majority in both chambers of Congress. "You are responsible for the glorious victory," Byrnes wired Roosevelt after the elections. "Every candidate from congressman to coroner declared your program was the issue. The result is a magnificent tribute to you."
Back in Washington for the opening of the Seventy-fourth Congress, in January 1935, Byrnes was appointed by Roosevelt to be the Senate floor manager of the most significant of the New Deal relief measures in 1935‐ 36, the legislation establishing the Works Progress Administration (WPA). Earlier in 1933, as part of the National Industrial Recovery Act, the Roosevelt administration had created a program of federal construction projects termed the Public Works Administration (PWA), overseen by Secretary