The Street to
Jimmy Byrnes was back at the Oval Office on the afternoon of July 3, 1945. This time he came to take his oath as U. S. secretary of state. Once more, the Senate the previous day had quickly and unanimously confirmed Byrnes' nomination to a high office, and Byrnes once more was to be accorded the honor of taking his oath at the White House. As evidence of Jimmy Byrnes' undiminished prestige in Washington despite his three months' official absence since leaving the Roosevelt administration, so many well-wishers had wanted to witness Byrnes' swearing-in ceremony that Truman and Byrnes were obliged to move the gathering from the Oval Office outside onto the steps leading from the Rose Garden into the presidential office. There, standing overlooking the same summer rosebushes that had been in bloom the previous July when FDR had deceived him about the vice-presidential nomination, Jimmy Byrnes took his oath as Harry Truman's new secretary of state.
Byrnes' swearing-in ceremony was only part of a busy first week of July for the war administration. The previous day, a Monday, the Senate in addition to confirming Byrnes' nomination had been formally presented with the United Nations Charter by President Truman, who had urged its