Stages and Pathways of Drug Involvement: Examining the Gateway Hypothesis

By Denise B. Kandel | Go to book overview

11
Using Latent Transition
Analysis to Examine the
Gateway Hypothesis
Linda M. Collins

According to the Gateway Hypothesis, in some cases one substance serves as a gateway for another, more advanced substance. In other words, it is necessary to go through this gateway in order to reach the more advanced substance. In a series of studies (Kandel & Faust, 1975; Yamaguchi & Kandel, 1984a, 1984b; Kandel, 1988; Kandel & Yamaguchi, 1993), Kandel and colleagues have examined the Gateway Hypothesis in detail. In general, these researchers have found that the legal drugs alcohol and tobacco appear to act as gateways for more advanced substances; alcohol plays a somewhat more important role for men and cigarettes play a somewhat more important role for women. Marijuana comes next, followed by cocaine and crack. Collins and colleagues (Graham, Collins, Wugalter, Chung, & Hansen, 1991; Collins, Graham, Long, & Hansen, 1994; Collins, Graham, Rousculp, & Hansen, 1997; Collins, Hyatt, & Graham, 2000; Hyatt & Collins, 2000) have examined the very early part of the onset process, looking at a sample of junior high and high school students. They have found that the onset process usually starts with alcohol; individuals go on either to try tobacco and then have a first experience with drunkenness or to have a first experience with drunkenness followed by trying tobacco. However, a small subset of individuals start their substance use experience with tobacco, go on to try alcohol, and then have a first experience with drunkenness. These researchers found that marijuana came next,

The author is grateful to Stephanie L. Hyatt for providing assistance with the data analysis, and to John W. Graham and William B. Hansen for allowing the Adolescent Alcohol Prevention Trials (AAPT) data to be analyzed for this chapter. This research was supported by Grant P50 DA10075 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

-254-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Stages and Pathways of Drug Involvement: Examining the Gateway Hypothesis
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 384

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.