Economic Change and the National Question in Twentieth-Century Europe

By Alice Teichova; Herbert Matis et al. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER SIX
The Portuguese national question in the twentieth
century: from Spanish threat to European bliss
Nuno Valério

INTRODUCTION

In spite of its small size, the Portuguese territory has great geographical diversity. 1 Yet, in spite of this geographical diversity, the Portuguese population has great cultural homogeneity. 2 These two facts ensure that there has never been any internal Portuguese national question during the twentieth century.

From an external point of view, however, the situation is rather different. Since at least the eighteenth century, Portuguese society had perceived a Spanish threat to Portuguese independence, and such a problem was still predominant in the first half of the twentieth century. As a matter of fact, this Spanish threat never materialised into aggression, or even significant interference in Portuguese affairs. Anyway, the absence of any conflict between the two countries should perhaps be explained as a consequence of the three steps Portugal took to protect the country against the Spanish threat: the alliance with Britain, the African adventure, and the efforts to promote modern economic growth. The roots of this perception of a Spanish threat, the relations between the two countries during the first half of the twentieth century, and the measures taken to protect Portugal against the Spanish threat will be dealt with in the first half of this chapter.

From the late 1940s until the mid-1980s, the Portuguese national question gradually moved from the traditional pattern summarised above to a full commitment to European integration. European integration seems to have afforded Portugal economic prosperity and national security. Portuguese steps towards European integration, and the main consequences of European integration for Portuguese society, will be the subject of the second half of this chapter. This inquiry will then consider an important question that still remains unanswered as the century ends: will this European bliss last?

-111-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Economic Change and the National Question in Twentieth-Century Europe
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 433

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.