Bayle--Political Writings

By Sally L. Jenkinson | Go to book overview

Mariana

[Historians in the age of Louis XIV were strongly affected by the massacres of the Wars of Religion, and by the memory of the assassinations, by Catholic extremists, of two sovereigns in their recent history: Henry III in 1589, and Henry IV in 1610. After 1598 politiques and Huguenots insisted, in opposition to Catholic majoritarian doctrine, that the sovereign's first duty was not to impose one religion, but to protect all law-abiding citizens from extremist violence. Mariana, a Spanish Jesuit, had responded to the politiques in 1598 with a defence of the people's right to overthrow and replace a tyrant. Bayle's politique rejoinder in 1697 provides a clue to his caution in respect of England's Protestant Revolution of 1688. Mariana's defence of tyrannicide, he observed, could support any popular revolution whatsoever–Catholic, Protestant or pagan. The obligation to oppose tyranny could be taken for granted; the issue, however, was about defining it.]  

MARIANA (Jean), born at Talavera in the diocese of Toledo, became a Jesuit on 1 January 1554. He then studied at Complutum until he was twenty-seven years of age. He became one of the most brilliant men of his age. He was a great theologian, a great humanist, profound in his knowledge of both ecclesiastical and profane history, a Greek scholar, and learned in the holy tongue. He went to Rome in 1561 where he taught theology. Four years later he went to Sicily, and taught there for two years. In 1569 he went to Paris, and for five years he interpreted Thomas Aquinas. His health would

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Bayle--Political Writings
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought *
  • Title Page *
  • Contents ix
  • Acknowledgements xi
  • A Note on the Translation xiii
  • Abbreviations xvi
  • Introduction: A Defence of Justice and Freedom xviii
  • Chronology xlii
  • Bibliography l
  • Project for a Critical Dictionary 1
  • Bodin 17
  • Brutus 29
  • David 36
  • Elizabeth 55
  • Gregory 64
  • Hobbes 79
  • De L'Hôpital 93
  • Hotman 118
  • Japan 128
  • Juno 136
  • Loyola 151
  • Machiavelli 162
  • Mâcon 172
  • Mariana 180
  • Navarre 192
  • Nicole 199
  • Ovid 209
  • Sainctes 231
  • Sainte-Aldegonde 239
  • Socinus (marianus) 247
  • Socinus (faustus) 251
  • Synergists 272
  • Xenophanes 286
  • Clarifications: on Atheists and on Obscenities 311
  • Index 343
  • Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought 368
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