Accountability of Armed Opposition Groups in International Law

By Liesbeth Zegveld | Go to book overview

Conclusion

The provisions of international humanitarian law, international criminal law, and international human rights law are each aimed at different actors. For example, international humanitarian law binds parties to an internal conflict, such as the state and armed opposition groups as a collectivity. International criminal law penalizes particular acts of individuals. In addition, it often obliges the state to prosecute persons for committing these criminalized acts. The provisions of human rights law apply primarily to the state. Each of these three actors – namely armed opposition groups as such, the individual members and leaders of these groups, and the state – may incur international accountability for acts committed by armed opposition groups in internal armed conflicts. Practice of international bodies reveals the following trends as regards the accountability of these actors.

International practice shows that armed opposition groups themselves can be held accountable under international humanitarian law. In order to be held accountable, such groups must at least be organized and engage in military operations. Once armed opposition groups accede to government, the principle of state responsibility applies. At the same time, the international accountability of armed opposition groups is primitive and the prospects for further development are limited. One reason is that there are no supervisory mechanisms set up for the express purpose of monitoring the behaviour of armed opposition groups.

International humanitarian law applicable to armed opposition groups increasingly encompasses humanitarian law originally only applicable to states in international conflicts. One explanation for this practice is that the conventional rules for internal conflicts are too few and too simple to be applied effectively to complex realities of internal

-229-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Accountability of Armed Opposition Groups in International Law
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents vii
  • Table of Treaties and Declarations ix
  • Table of Cases xiii
  • Table of Other Documents xviii
  • Abbreviations xxvii
  • Introduction 1
  • Part 1 - The Normative Gap 7
  • 1 - Legal Restraints on Armed Opposition Groups as Such 9
  • 2 - Substantive Obligations of Armed Opposition Groups as Such 59
  • Part 2 - The Accountability Gap 95
  • 3 - Accountability of Group Leaders 97
  • 4 - Accountability of Armed Opposition Groups as Such 133
  • 5 - Accountability of the State for Acts of Armed Opposition Groups 164
  • 6 - The Quest for Accountability 220
  • Conclusion 229
  • Bibliography 231
  • Index 242
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 260

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.