China's Long March toward Rule of Law

By Randall Peerenboom | Go to book overview

3
Post-Mao reforms: competing conceptions
of rule of law

With the death of Mao in 1976, China began to steer a new course. 1 Many Party leaders, having suffered personally and severely from the arbitrary and lawless acts of Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution, were eager to advocate greater reliance on law as a means of preventing the reoccurrence of such policy-driven excesses. In addition, legal reforms were seen as a way for the Party, whose image had been badly tarnished, to regain legitimacy both domestically and abroad.

Most importantly, however, Deng Xiaoping and other leaders decided that the major problem confronting China was not class struggle but economic growth. China was declared to be in the primary stages of socialism. 2 Before China could reach the hallowed ideal of a communist society, it would first have to pass through a capitalist phase. One of Mao's mistakes was to try to leapfrog over the capitalist stage. Accordingly, Deng announced that to get rich was glorious and threw open the doors to foreign investment. The success of the reforms, and especially China's ability to attract foreign investment, hinged on improvements to the legal system and greater reliance on law. “A market economy is a rule of law economy” became the rallying cry. 3 At the most basic level, law is necessary to create and maintain a modern market: to establish property rights and a contract regime; ensure market equality and maintain market order by protecting against fraud, unfair competition, and monopoly; separate government from enterprises; establish and regulate financial and capital markets; and so on. 4 Similarly, China could not persuade foreign companies to deliver vitally needed technology without a system of intellectual property that could be implemented in practice.

Despite a consensus as to the need for a more law-based order, there have been considerable differences of opinion as to the merits of rule of law, its compatibility with the leadership role of the Party, its value for China, and its meaning. This chapter examines these debates and traces

-55-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
China's Long March toward Rule of Law
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Abbreviations xvi
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes *
  • 2 - The Evolution of Rule of Law in China: the Role of Law in Historical Context 27
  • Notes *
  • 3 - Post-Mao Reforms: Competing Conceptions of Rule of Law 55
  • Notes 110
  • 4 - Rule of Law and Its Critics 126
  • Notes 175
  • 5 - Retreat of the Party and the State 188
  • Notes *
  • 6 - The Legislative System: Battling Chaos 239
  • Notes *
  • 7 - The Judiciary: in Search of Independence, Authority, and Competence 280
  • Notes *
  • 8 - The Legal Profession: the Quest for Independence and Professionalism 343
  • Notes 384
  • 9 - The Administrative Law Regime: Reining in an Unruly Bureaucracy 394
  • Notes *
  • 10 - Rule of Law and Economic Development 450
  • Notes *
  • 11 - Rule of Law, Democracy, and Human Rights 513
  • Notes *
  • 12 - Conclusion: the Future of Legal Reform 558
  • Notes *
  • References 599
  • Index 653
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 673

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.