|• The Greek consonant kappa (representing a k or hard c) is transliterated as a k rather than as a c as in Latin usage. ‘Kyklopes’ and ‘Kanake’ will thus be found rather than ‘Cyclopes’ and ‘Canace’.|
|• The Greek diphthongs ai and oi (pronounced as in ‘aisle’ and ‘coin’) are not transliterated into ae and oe as in Latin usage. ‘Aithra’ and ‘Oineus’ will thus be found rather than ‘Aethra’ and ‘Oeneus’.|
|• The Greek diphthongs - or strictly speaking, digraphs - ei and ou (pronounced roughly as in ‘feint’ and ‘boule’ in classical Attic) are not transliterated into long i and u as in Latin usage. ‘Teiresias’ will thus be found rather than ‘Tiresias’, and ‘Boutes’ rather than ‘Butes’.|
|• The final -os often found in men’s names, e.g. Kadmos and Anios, is not represented as -us as in Latin usage.|
For everyday purposes and in ordinary conversation, it is neither customary nor desirable for English speakers to attempt to pronounce Greek names exactly as they would have been pronounced in classical Athens. If a semi-Anglicized pronunciation is adopted, Greek names can easily be pronounced without grave distortion if a few basic rules are observed.
Consonants: The Greek consonant chi is transliterated as ch; it represents an aspirated k (much as can be heard in the English word ‘cat’ when it is emphatically enunciated). In Greek names, it may be pronounced as a k, as when we speak of Achilles. It should certainly not be pronounced as in ‘chess’. The Greek g (gamma) is properly a hard g as in ‘game’.
Vowels: There are no mute vowels in Greek words. In particular, a final -e and the e in final-es should always be sounded as a long e, as when we speak of Aphrodite and Socrates. In Greek, ae, oe and oo (as found, for instance, in the names of Pasiphae, Kallirhoe and Acheloos) are never diphthongs, and each vowel should be sounded separately. In names, ai will usually be a diphthong; as such (e.g. in the names of Aigyptos and Andraimon), it may be pronounced as in ‘high’. The diphthong eu may be pronounced as in ‘euphony’, and au as in ‘how’; the pronunciations of other diphthongs are indicated just above in the notes on Greek and Latin forms.