Pavlos D. Pezaros
The Common Agricultural Policy is a rule-based policy not least because the EU is a law-intensive organisation (Page and Dimitrakopoulos 1997). National authorities have no discretion in implementing these rules. The Common Organisation of Agricultural Markets (COAM), in particular, which are the CAP’s basic instruments, dictate the abolition of any domestic administrative arrangement that could distort the operation of the internal market. Domestic agricultural products, for instance, can neither be supported beyond the level defined by each COAM, nor be protected at the national frontiers against similar products of other Member States. National, regional and local authorities are responsible for compliance and enforcement issues although some aspects of the CAP (such as food safety and environmental issues) require action at the European level.
This chapter is divided into six sections. The next section outlines the state of affairs before the accession of Greece to the EC/EU. The third section focuses on the impact of the CAP on domestic policy and administrative arrangements. The fourth section examines the implementation of the CAP in Greece. The penultimate section highlights the barriers to the Europeanisation of the domestic CAP-related administration. The final section discusses the link between the future prospects of the CAP, its domestic implementation and the requirements for the modernisation of the Greek administration.
The dramatic transformation of Greece from an agricultural to a service economy was evident long before the country’s accession to the EC/EU. In the 1950s agriculture employed about 50 per cent of the labour force and accounted for about 25 per cent of the country’s GNP. By the 1980s these rates had dropped to 27 per cent and 17.5 per cent respectively (Agricultural Bank of Greece 1985). However, the domestic agricultural policy did not reflect these changes. For instance, the increasing significance of part-time farming