Choosing Unsafe Sex: AIDS-Risk Denial among Disadvantaged Women

By Elisa J. Sobo | Go to book overview

Chapter 3
AIDS Education and the Perception of Risk

The research for this book grew out of the concern that Cleveland's Maternity and Infant Health Care Program (M&I) clinic clients were not heeding the M&I safer sex message. There was nothing unique about the relative failure of the M&I AIDS education mission, which focused on the dissemination of factual information. Most studies conclude that no significant relation exists between safer sex and the degree of AIDS or HIV knowledge people have (e.g., Farmer and Kim 1991; Geringer et al. 1993; Johnson 1993; Linden et al. 1990; Mays and Cochran 1988; Prohaska et al. 1990); behavioral changes made by homosexual men ( Turner et al. 1989, 136) living in areas with firmly established gay social and political structures are the exception (see Winkelstein et al. 1987). But even among this group patterns of relapse have been documented ( Miller et al. 1990, 109; Stall et al. 1990). Factual information is necessary, but it is certainly not sufficient to drive and sustain behavioral change. This chapter asks why not, and investigates the key role risk perception plays in motivating (or obstructing) health-protecting behavior such as condom use.


The Failure of Education

AIDS "Facts," AIDS "Myths"

Findings from the 1992 National Health Interview Survey ( Schoenborn et al. 1994) indicate that 96 percent of U.S. adults know that HIV can be transmitted through sexual intercourse and 94 percent know that it can pass from pregnant women to their babies perinatally; 96 percent know that it is "very likely"1 that an individual will contract HIV if sharing needles with an infected person. Among Black Americans the respective percentages are lower, but only by one to two percentage points (regarding AIDS knowledge levels of Blacks in particular, see also Flaskerud and

-25-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Choosing Unsafe Sex: AIDS-Risk Denial among Disadvantaged Women
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 238

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.