The Legacy of Nazi Occupation: Patriotic Memory and National Recovery in Western Europe, 1945-1965

By Pieter Lagrou | Go to book overview

Conclusion

The juxtaposition of three national case studies, with their inevitable and apparent differences, could easily lead to the conclusion that, even within Western Europe, national distinctiveness was, in the final analysis, primordial in shaping memories of the Second World War. This would contradict the hypothesis at the start of this book, that the fundamental differences in the Western European experience of the war were not national frontiers but particular experiences at the heart of this particular war: resistance, labour conscription, persecution. It is a rudimentary conclusion of this study that 'national' memories did exist in post-war years. How to deal with the memory of the war was a central challenge to the reconstruction of the State and to the continuing existence of the Nation, after their spectacular failures of the years 1939–45. The state became a central agent of a collective memory that was at the same time self-justification and recovery of national honour. This was a matter of survival. The state was the source and the destination of these memories.

In February 1945, in the midst of the last, cold 'hunger winter' of the German occupation of the Netherlands, an anonymous plan was presented to the National Resistance Council (the GAC) for the commemoration of the Dutch resistance. The idea was to erect a national monument at the very heart of Amsterdam, facing the royal palace in the Dam-square. The initiators justified their proposal by pointing to the lack of a monument symbolising and enhancing national unity, such as the tomb of the unknown soldier in Paris, or the Lenin mausoleum in Moscow, observing that 'the history of our nation in earlier centuries was apparently not heroic or eventful enough to provide sufficient impetus for such a creation'. It was the Nazi occupation and the heroic resistance to it which finally provided sufficient substance for a national monument. The creation of the monument would stimulate national cohesion at a time when the nation had greatest need of it, and avoid 'the sordid performance offered to world opinion in Belgium and Greece'.1

____________________
1
Memorandum (28 Feb. 1945), RIOD, GAC archive, 184, 1B.

-292-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Legacy of Nazi Occupation: Patriotic Memory and National Recovery in Western Europe, 1945-1965
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 327

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.