Understanding Popular Violence in the English Revolution: The Colchester Plunderers

By John Walter | Go to book overview

6.
The attack on catholics

The Papists were the most popular common-place, and the butt against whom all the arrows were directed; and so … an order was made by both Houses for disarming all the Papists in England: upon which and the like orders though seldom any thing was after done or no matter of moment, yet it served to keep up the fears and apprehensions in the people of dangers and designs …

Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon1

ourselves togeather with you and the whole Kingdome … be in great danger from ye Papists and other ill affected persons whoe are everie where very insolent and ready to act the parts of those savage bloud-suckers in Ireland if they bee not speedily prevented. By meanes whereof our Tradings especiallie of clothing and farming grow a pace to soe great a Damp as many Thowsands are like to growe to suddaine want, Nor can Wee expect any redresse thereof Unlesse the Bishopps and Popish Lords be removed out of the house of Peers.

The humble petic[i]on of the Knights, Gentlemen,
Mynisters and other Inhabitants of the County of Essex,
20 January 1641/22

On 26 May 1640, three sets of examinations were entered in Colchester's book of examinations and recognizances. The first, that of a 56-year-old Irishman taken by the Mayor, breaks off before being completed. For the second and third examinations, the Mayor was joined, unusually, by five of his fellow aldermen. The second examination was of two young girls, aged ten and eleven, about an incident which they had witnessed

____________________
1
Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England Begun in the year 1641, ed. W. D. Macray, 6 vols. (Oxford, 1888), vol. 1, p. 380.
2
HLRO, MP HL, 20 January 1641/2.

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Understanding Popular Violence in the English Revolution: The Colchester Plunderers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Past and Present Publications *
  • Title Page *
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgements viii
  • Abbreviations x
  • Introduction 1
  • Part 1 - The Event 11
  • 1. - An Event and Its History 13
  • 2. - The Attacks 31
  • Part 2 - Contextualising the Crowd 69
  • 3. - The Micro-Politics of the Attack on Sir John Lucas 71
  • 4. - The High Politics of the Attack on Sir John Lucas 115
  • Part 3 - The Confessional Crowd 159
  • 5. - The Attack on Ministers 161
  • 6. - The Attack on Catholics 201
  • Part 4 - Reading the Crowd 235
  • 7. - Cloth and Class 237
  • 8. - Anti-Popery and Popular Parliamentarianism 285
  • Conclusion 331
  • Index 353
  • Past and Present Publications 358
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