Adam, Adolphe (1803–56) French composer. He wrote more than eighty stage works, some of which enjoyed lasting success including the opéras comiques Le chalet (1834) and Le postillon de Longjumeau (1836), and the ballet Giselle (1841). He also wrote a large number of arrangements, pot-pourris and songs. His music combines italianate lyricism and grace with a keen sense of drama.
Adler, Guido (1855–1941) Austrian musicologist. He taught music history in Prague (from 1885), organised congresses and was involved in many editions, including the Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Österreich series. In 1898 he succeeded Hanslick at the University of Vienna, where he founded the Musikwissenschaftliches Institut.
Albéniz, Isaac (1860–1909) Spanish composer and pianist. He studied at Brussels Conservatory and with Liszt, Dukas and d'Indy; other important influences were Pedrell, nineteenth-century salon piano music and contemporary French harmony. Most of his works are for piano solo, including the Suite española (1886), Cantos de España (1896) and Suite Iberia (1906–8), although he also wrote a popular opera, Pepita Jiménez (1896).
Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit (1782–1871) French composer. The foremost composer of opéras comiques in France, he frequently worked with the librettist Scribe; their creations include Fra Diavolo (1830), Le domino noir